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범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 운영 실태 및 개선 방안 연구
제목 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 운영 실태 및 개선 방안 연구
표지 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 운영 실태 및 개선 방안 연구 저자 한민경, 박현호, C.W.R. W ebster, Robert Carr
등록일 2019-01-30
분류기호 18-AA-02
발간일 2018년 12월
판매가격 10,000원
언어 한국어
판매여부 판매
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목차 국문요약 ··············································································1 ❘제1장❘서 론 ∙ 한민경 ························································9 제1절 연구의 목적과 의의 ··········································································11 제2절 연구의 내용과 방법 ··········································································15 1. 연구의 내용 ····················································································15 2. 연구의 방법 ·····················································································16 ❘제2장❘범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 확대과정 ∙ 박현호 ···19 제1절 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 확대과정: 연혁적 고찰 ·····················21 1. 개관 ···························································································21 2. 시기별 구분 ····················································································30 제2절 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 확대과정상 특성 ·······························38 1. 공공 CCTV의 확산과 범죄예방 목적 CCTV 비중 확대 ·························38 2. 목적별 영상관제에서 통합관제시스템으로의 전환 ····································39 3. 예산 관련 자치단체 자율 부담에서 중앙정부의 지원 확대·····················41 4. 범죄예방 목적 공공 CCTV 위치정보 관련 비공개에서 공개로의 전환 ··43 5. 안전도시 인증을 위한 범죄예방 목적 공공 CCTV 추가설치 경쟁 ·········45 6. 치안양극화와 격차 해소 차원의 대책 ························································46 제3절 소결 ····················································································47 ❘제3장❘공공 CCTV 설치 및 운영현황 ∙ 한민경 ··············53 제1절 분석자료의 수집과 특성 ···································································55 1. 전국 CCTV 표준데이터 ··············································································56 2. 조달청 계약내역 자료 ··················································································60 3. 정보공개청구 결과 ··················································································63 제2절 공공 CCTV 설치 및 운영실태 ·························································65 1. 전국 CCTV 표준데이터 분석 ·····································································65 2. 조달청 계약내역 자료 분석 ···································································88 3. 정보공개청구 결과 분석 ·····································································101 제3절 요약 및 전망 ···········································································116 1. 공공 CCTV 설치 및 운영상 나타나는 일관된 경향 ······························116 2. 공공 CCTV 설치 및 운영상 나타나는 새로운 경향 ······························119 ❘제4장❘범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV에 대한 인식 ∙ 한민경 ····························································123 제1절 조사 개요 ·······················································································125 1. 조사의 의의 및 목적 ·················································································125 2. 조사 설계 ·······················································································126 제2절 조사결과 분석 ················································································128 1. 응답자 특성 ···················································································128 2. 시민들의 공공 CCTV 평가 ·······································································131 3. 공공 CCTV 설치효과에 대한 주관적 인식 ·············································143 4. 공공 CCTV 인식에의 영향 요인 ······························································160 제3절 요약 및 시사점 ··············································································170 ❘제5장❘주요국의 공공 CCTV 운영현황: 예산 및 위치선정을 중심으로 ·························173 제1절 영국 ∙ C.W.R. Webster ······························································175 1. 개관 ··························································································175 2. 공공 CCTV 체계의 구성요소 정의 ··························································176 3. 영국의 공공 CCTV 확대 과정 ·································································182 4. 공공 CCTV의 핵심 목적 ··········································································185 5. 공공 CCTV 예산 지원 ··············································································187 6. 공공 CCTV 관련 정책 ··············································································189 7. 공공 CCTV 규제 ·······················································································192 8. 산업표준과 자체규제 ··················································································198 9. 공공 CCTV 관련 시민단체 ·······································································200 10. 공공 CCTV의 기술적 발달 ····································································201 11. 공공 CCTV의 범죄예방 효과성 ·····························································204 12. 대중의 인식과 담론 ·················································································207 13. 소결 ··························································································209 제2절 호주 ∙ R. Carr ···············································································210 1. 개관 ·····························································································210 2. 공공 CCTV 예산 지원과 정치적 맥락 ····················································213 3. 조사 방법 ·························································································216 4. 주요 결과 ···············································································222 5. 논의: 공공 CCTV 설치압력에 대한 관리 및 의사결정에의 접근 ·········262 6. 요약과 제언 ·······················································································268 제3절 일본 ∙ 한민경 ··················································································270 1. 범죄예방 목적 공공 CCTV 설치 관련 시기별 구분 ······························270 2. 범죄예방 목적 공공 CCTV 운영 관련 특징 ···········································275 ❘제6장❘결론 및 정책제언 ∙ 한민경 ·································279 제1절 공공 CCTV 설치 및 운영실태 개선을 위한 정책적 지향 ·············281 제2절 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 설치 및 운용상의 문제점 ···············283 1. 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 설치상의 문제점 ······································283 2. 운영상의 문제점 ····································································292 제3절 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV 운영실태 개선을 위한 정책방안 ·····296 1. 단기적 정책방안 ··········································································296 2. 중기적 정책방안 ···········································································209 3. 장기적 정책방안 ········································································301 참고문헌 ···········································································303 Abstract ··········································································323 [부록] 일반시민 대상 인식조사 설문지 ····························331 [별표] ················································································340
요약

2002년 강남구청에서 ‘방범용’ CCTV 5대를 최초로 설치한 것을 시작으로, 정부 또는 공공기관은 다중이용장소나 도로변에 범죄예방을 목적으로 하는 공공 CCTV를 적극 설치해 왔습니다. 연이어 발생한 강력범죄와 이로 인한 일반시민들의 안전에 대한 우려와 관심 증대는 공공 CCTV의 지속적인 확대로 이어졌습니다. 설치대수로나 촬영가능한 면적으로 보나 우리나라의 공공 CCTV 설치는 ‘CCTV의 나라’로 알려진 영국을 훨씬 상회하는 수준입니다. 절대 다수의 공공 CCTV가 범죄예방을 목적하고 있는 것과는 달리, 실제 설치 및 운영에 있어서는 범죄발생 정도가 크게 고려되지 못해 온 것이 현실입니다. 공공 CCTV의 설치와 운영을 맡고 있는 지자체에서는 범죄발생 관련 자료 확보에 어려움을 겪어 왔고 이에 따라 공공 CCTV 설치지점 선정에 있어 지역주민이 제기한 민원 등을 대안으로 고려해 왔습니다. 이러한 가운데 공공 CCTV 설치를 전후하여 주민들의 의견을 수렴하는 절차적인 과정은 종종 생략되었습니다. 지자체가 공공 CCTV의 설치와 운영을 관장하다보니 전국에 설치 운영 중인 공공 CCTV가 어느 정도이며, 이에 소요된 예산은 어느 정도에 이르는지 등 운영실태에 대한 중앙부처 차원의 조사도 미비한 상황입니다. 또한 공공 CCTV가 범인검거나 증거확보 등 범죄발생후에 기여할 수 있는 순기능은 인정되더라도 설치지점 선정이나 활용에 있어서의 법적・절차적 규정은 한층 준수되고 정교해질 필요가 있다고 보입니다. 최근 빅데이터 활용이나 스마트시티 등 정책 추진으로 인해 공공 CCTV로 확보된 영상정보가 본래 촬영된 목적 외의 용도로 다양하게 활용될 가능성이 노정되어 있다는 측면에서 더욱 그러합니다. 이러한 문제의식을 배경으로 본 연구에서는 조달청 입찰자료, 정보공개청구 등 여러 자료를 바탕으로 범죄예방을 목적으로 하는 공공 CCTV의 운영현황을 다각도로 살펴보고자 노력하였습니다. 전국 단위의 조사를 통해 범죄예방 목적의 공공 CCTV에 대한 일반 시민들의 인식을 확인하였습니다. 아울러 공공 CCTV의 설치 및 운영상의 개선방안을 도출하기 위하여 범정부 차원에서 범죄예방을 목적으로 공공 CCTV를 적극 확대해 온 영국 및 호주, 그리고 범죄예방을 목적으로 하는 경우에도 공공 CCTV설치 및 활용에 신중한 일본의 사례를 고찰하였습니다. 우리는 공공 CCTV로 촬영된 영상정보의 보존기간을 30일로 길게 설정하고 있는 데 반해 이들 국가는 공히 범죄발생 등 예외적인 사유가 없는 경우에는 7일 이상 저장할 수 없도록 하여 영상정보의 장기간 저장에 따른 개인정보 침해소지나 행정적 부담을 최소화하고 있는 것으로 파악되었습니다. 나아가 영상정보 활용범위가 점차 확대되고 있는 상황을 경계하여 이를 감독하는 별도 위원회를 설치하고(영국) 공공 CCTV마다 일정 기간마다 영상정
보 활용 정도 및 범죄발생 변화 추이를 고시하도록 하고 있는(일본) 부분은 우리에게도 시사하는 바가 크다고 생각합니다.

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