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Publications
Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)
Language
Korean
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Date
December 01, 2020
ISBN
979-11-89908-96-6

Abstract

This year’s UN · International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI) was accomplished under the general supervision of the Director of the International Cooperation Division, with six subprojects allocated to the International Relations Team and the International Academic Research Team. Of the subprojects, those related to UN · international cooperation were performed by the International Relations Team, and those related to international academic events and promotion were carried out by the International Academic Research Team. This annual report outlines the overall strategy and allocation of the projects, the performance and monitoring results of each strategy, and key highlights of the subprojects. The project of UN · International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention has three key objectives, namely ① cooperation with the UN in international issues, ② building and consolidation of communication with criminal judicial authorities and research institutions, and ③ preparation of intellectual platforms in various forms. The five-year-term plan of this project had three strategies: firstly, to consolidate the international cooperation network to prevent crime; secondly, to advance global research capability; and thirdly, to promote the research outcome around the globe. The first strategy, to consolidate the international cooperation network to prevent crime, aimed to strengthen the international cooperation network with both the UNODC/UNPNI, and regional judicial authorities around the globe in order to reinforce Korea’s status as a member state of the UN and to help the nation play a role matching its status in the international arena. The second strategy, to advance global research capability, concerned preparing various intellectual platforms to introduce the latest works and studies in criminal justice area of the globe to the nation. Finally the third strategy, to promote the research outcome around the globe, aimed to create a multilingual website along with developing promotional contents in English, including releasing of various types of publications both online and offline. and improving the current online platforms. The general report analyzed the main results of the subprojects in each strategy, and contained their progress status in the context of the coronavirus pandemic and the result of monitoring the improvement of last year's limited project performance. The main results of each subproject, apart from the general report, are as follows. [Subproject 1: Building a cooperation network with the UN and other regional states] summarized the process of building an international network with the UN and other Asia-Pacific states in order to prevent crimes, and the results of such effort. Building a cooperation network with the UN is an important task given that the world is more globalized than ever before, and there is a rising need to find a proper measure to combat crimes as they have become increasingly transnational these days. ‘Consolidating the international cooperation network’ is also critical to cope with growing transnational crimes, including crimes that are new and evolving in both pattern and technique. In this context, the Korea Institute of Criminology (KIC) is committed to building and expanding its cooperation networks with not only the UN, but also many leading criminal justice organizations and institutions in the Asia-Pacific region, Europe and North America, etc. ‘Analysis of the UNODC research and policy trend 2020’ examined the studies concerning impacts and prospects of the COVID-19 pandemic, as well as preventive actions to address drugs, corruption, and transnational crime. ‘Interaction and cooperation with the UN 2020’ looked into more concrete accomplishments achieved through the cooperation with the UN/UNPNI, such as the ‘14th Congress on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice’, ‘KIC-UNODC international joint study’, ‘participation in PNI Coordination Meetings’, and ‘KIC-TIJ Expert Group Meeting (EGM)’. In addition, ‘Asia Pacific Expert Conference for Criminal Justice' introduced the main features of the 1st Asia Pacific Conference for Criminal Justice (APECCJ) with an eye towards promoting scholarly exchanges with criminal justice experts and practitioners in the Asian-Pacific region. Some of the prominent organizations that participated in this conference included the Australia Institute of Criminology (AIC), a fellow PNI and an MOU partner; the School of Regulations and Global Governance of the Australian National University; the Thailand Institute of Justice (TIJ); and the Police Science Institute (PSI), a domestic research institute affiliated with Korean police. The key subjects discussed included the changing trends and patterns in crime brought out by COVID-19; increases in domestic violence, especially violence against women due to the lockdown as a measure against the spread of the coronavirus; impacts of COVID-19 on organized crime; human right implications of the quarantine measures against COVID-19, and changing trends in crime due to COVID-19. ‘The 7th KIC International Forum(KICIF)’ described the background of the theme, 'Challenges of Cybercrime as Opportunities: Prevention, Cooperation and Safety', and the overall preparation of the signature policy forum hosted by the institute. This forum is composed of four themed sessions: overview of cybercrime, cyber economic crime, cybersecurity, and cybersex crime. International criminal justice experts attended for in-depth discussions concerning cybercrime prevention and preparation of countermeasures. [Subproject 2: Method to improve Korea's narcotic drugs policy through an analysis of drug use in Southeast Asia] dealt with two primary subjects. First, it examined the impact of the rapidly growing, illegal synthetic drug market in Southeast Asia, and proved its interconnection with the Korean market. The borders of Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam, known as the Golden Triangle, have become the core of synthetic drug production, resulting in an overwhelming supply of synthetic drugs to the markets across Asia-Pacific countries, including Korea, Japan and Australia from 2015, but the situation has gotten worse for the past few years. The plenitude in supply of illegal synthetic drugs across the East and Southeast Asia reveals enforcing drug policies by blocking the supply of illegal drugs and trafficking or imposing harsh punishments on drug consumers have limited effects as the flow of illegal drugs into Korea remains high. The countries' attempts to end the supply of narcotic drugs have not been very successful. In addition, their policy of imposing harsh punishments on narcotic consumption even caused an increase in detention rates of petty crime offenders and prison overcrowding, rather than crime prevention, resulting in human right violation, poor sanitation and hygiene, and high rates of recidivism. The key argument of this research was that given the growing interconnection between Southeast Asia and the Korean narcotic drug market, the former’s effective legislation and enforcement of narcotics control policy would be useful for Korea for developing its own policy, and the government of Korea should work with relevant international organizations and civil societies to support the Southeast Asian countries’ campaign against narcotic drug abuse. This research introduced ① UNODC-sponsored Mekong Memorandum of Understanding concerning narcotic drug control, ② sharing of hands-on experience through the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CDN)’s publication of crime trend report and Good Practices Portal, and ③ the WHO and UNODC’s initiative of Treatment and Care for People with Drug Use Disorders. In addition, as an important area to support in the near future, this research emphasized reinforcing control over precursor substances and offering to legal professional education and training of precursor substances control. [Subproject 3: Comparison of Korea and the US to improve cybercrime measuring system] compared the classification and measuring systems of Korean and the US police, respectively, and sought an official crime statistics measuring system that can realize a more viable evidence-based prevention in cyber space. Through various means such as literature review and expert interview, this research has concluded that Korea has a more comprehensive and meticulous cybercrime measuring system, and has put a lot of effort to improve the system which is suitable to the international standards. Domestically, in order to compare the level of effectiveness in coping with cybercrime, the project research highlighted the need to establish index cybercrimes which would help a long-term comparison of crime trends. Originally, index crimes refer to those used in measuring a country’s quality of life and comparing it to that of other countries – for instance, murder and robbery, etc. To collect statistical data continuously and prove the validity of the statistics, setting up a list of index cybercrimes is necessary. The research further suggested that Korea has the ability to lead an initiative in setting up index cybercimes as it has collected relatively larger and detailed body of statistics so far. [Subproject 4: Virtual Forum against Cybercrime (VFAC) renewal] aimed to assess possibilities of renewing the VFAC project and seek proper directions of the project by reviewing the project’s current performance and its present state of operation. The ‘Analysis of VFAC SWOT’ examined the need and methodology to analyze SWOT in order to prepare the renewal strategy of the VFAC project, and conducted a systematic SWOT analysis, therefore concluded the four strategies of SO, ST, WO, and WT, as the directions of the renewa The ‘long-term research collaboration with the UN PNI for cybercrime and transnational organized crime (TOC)’ was then determined to be the most suitable strategy to reduce risks, shortcomings and maximize the institute’s strengths and opportunities. The key strategies matching the identity of the KIC and the fulfilling its purposes of collaboration with the UN and other countries around the world include expanding the VFAC’s current system, which focuses on education and training, to broad topics of cybercrime and transnational organized crime, therefore changing the current target audience to experts who are interested in the subjects, and modifying the function of the platform from offering education and training to providing expert information such as procedures and outcomes of international joint research. [Subproject 5: the International Journal of Criminal Justice] is a report that summarized the publication process of the International Journal of Criminal Justice (IJCJ), which was first issued to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the KIC. As an English academic journal for criminal justice policy, the IJCJ contained evidence-based study articles that can provide the concept to criminal justice policy and legislation. Furthermore, it was made to serve as a forum for international discussion in which scholars and practitioners in the relevant fields, both domestic and international, can actively exchange ideas. In 2020, the KIC made major changes in three aspects in order to establish a well-organized operation system. First, the institute increased the number of its editorial committee members and prepared a database to expand the expert pool for peer review to prevent articles from being allocated to certain committee members or specific reviewers. Secondly, the peer review process has been performed on a regular basis in addition to the ‘online first’ service and DOI, so that the IJCJ could give enough time to both reviewers and authors, and provide readers with an access to the works as soon as publication decisions are made. Finally, the KIC is planning to build an online IJCJ platform for the convenience of contributors, reviewers, and organizers in the peer review process. Also, this year, a new menu for the journal will be added to the English version of the website and a separate online platform will be completed by 2022. [Subproject 6: International promotion of research performance] reported the process of publishing research results and other publications in English both on and off-line which resulted in their dissemination abroad, and the process of updating the KIC’s multilingual website in a timely manner. The ‘Trends and Policies in Criminal Justice(TPCJ)’ started its first publication this year to make up for the shortcomings of the KIC Research in Brief. Reports with international topics were selected and translated in detail in the form of an article. A total of nine reports were published and distributed after the initial release plan of one per month. At least 700 entities, including relevant government agencies and academia, received the TPCJ. For international readers, a separate e-mail database of experts, scholars professionals, and MOU institutes was used. The TPJI is also planning to expand the distribution target through monitoring its current distribution situation. Meanwhile, the core value of the multilingual website, which would be restructured in accordance with advisory meetings with experts, was established as “sharing and communication”. The goals of this reconstruction project were set as ‘improvement of convenience’, ‘content development for multilingual website’, ‘increase in expertise of website content’, ‘reinforcement of website promotion’, ‘establishment of monitoring system surrounding the multilingual website’, and ‘strengthening of the stability in website management’. Around the end of the first quarter of 2021, the English-language website is expected to be organized with menus in the following order as the reconstruction would be almost completed; Topics, Publications, Networks, Events, and About Us. The visibility of the banner, which highlights the entire screen, is enhanced and the time-efficiency of users is increased as tagging of facts and figures is available on the entire website.

Jeongsook Yoon

Crime Trends&Analysis, Public Safety and Crime Prevention, Transnational Organized Crime

Senior Research Fellow

Jeongsook Yoon's picture

Research Interest (Major)

Criminal Psychology, Sex Crime, Violent Crime, Treatment of Offenders

Education/Professional Experience

M.Ed in Human Development and Psychology, Harvard University

Ph.d in Psychology, Brandeis University

Director of International Cooperation Division, KIC

Editor-in-Chief, International Journal of Criminal Justice

Member of Advisory Committee, Bureau of Correction, Ministry of Justice of Korea

Member of Advisory Committee, Korean Association of Criminal Justice

Report List

Treating Sexual Offenders(Ⅲ)-Strengthening Aftercare of Treatment Completers in Korea-

Development of Treatment Program for Child Abuse Perpetrators- Investigation of the their Characteristics and Development of Basic Manuals -

Strenghtening the Application of Forensic Science in Korean Criminal Justice System(Ⅵ)

Treating Unmotivated Crime Offenders: Criminogenic Factors and Intervention Strategies

Social Safety Net Reinforcement: Reducing and Preventing Domestic Violence

Yearly Report on UN·International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention(XV)

Grooming in the Sexual Abuse of Children and Future Policy Responses

Law Education Program for Establishment of Rule of Law (Ⅱ) : A Study on the Development of Legal Education Program for North Korean Refugees

Treating Sexual Offenders -An Examination of Korean Sex Offender Treatment Programs-

Treating Sexual Offenders Ⅰ: Development of K-MIDSA and Sex Offender Treatment Manuals(Ⅰ)

Sexual Harrassment in the Workplace and Countermeasures

The Effectiveness of Prison-Based Sex Offender Treatment Program in Korea

Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)

Violent offending with Unspecified Motivation toward Strangers

Treating Sexual Offenders(Ⅱ): Evaluation of the effectiveness of sex offender treatment programs in correctional facilities

Taegyung Gahng

Criminal Justice Reform, Transnational Organized Crime

Research Fellow

Taegyung Gahng's picture

Research Interest (Major)

Human Rights, Legal Philosophy, Empirical Legal Studies

Education/Professional Experience

B.A. in Psychology (2002, SCL), M.A. in Psychology (2004, Social Psychology), Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

LL.B. (2009, MCL), LL.M. (2011, Civil Law), & Ph.D. in Law (2014, Legal Philosophy), Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea

Research Fellow, Korean Institute of Criminology, Seoul, Korea, 2015 - Present

Academic Director, Korean Association of Legal Philosophy, Seoul, Korea, 2020 - Present

Report List

The Korean Courts' Standards for Defamation and Insult: Defamation and Insult Decisions during the Last Ten Years (2005-2015)

Criminal Justice Policy and Integration in the Context of Korean Penninsula Re-Unification (Ⅱ): Transitional Justice and Social Integration

Legal Challenges in Criminal Justice under "Well-Dying" Law

Refugee Status Assessment Policy and Measures for Improvement

Enhancing the Human Rights Support of the Ministry of Justice in Korea

Comprehensive Evaluation of Human Rights Protection Competency of Criminal Justice Agencies (Ⅰ): Focused on the Prosecution and the Police's Human Rights Protection Compentency

Comprehensive Evaluation of Human Rights Competencies of Criminal Justice Institutions (Ⅱ) : Evaluation of Human Rights Competencies of Penal Institutions

The Implementation of Alternative Civilian Service System for Conscientious Objectors

Korean Crime Victim Survey(Ⅵ) : Commercial Victimization Survey

Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)

Comprehensive Evaluation of Human Rights Competencies of Criminal Justice Institutions (II) - Evaluation of Human Rights Competencies of Penal Institutions -

Youngoh Jo

Research Fellow

Youngoh Jo's picture

Research Interest (Major)

Victimology, Crime Prevention

Report List

Assessment and Policy Support Measure Study for Sustainable Social Reentry and Adjustment of Juvenile Offenders (Ⅰ)

Comparative Study on the Metric of Cybercrime Between the U.S. and South Korea

Juvenile Justice Agencies' Response to COVID-19

Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)

Reentry of Juvenile Offenders From the Training Schools in South Korea (Ⅲ)

The Operation of Private Juvenile Hall and Education Programs

Study on South Korean Juvenile Offenders' Reentry to Society: Current Status and Policy-Wise Support Methods (Ⅱ)

Korean National Crime Victim Survey 2016

Factors of Changea in Juvenile Inmates’ Behavior at Juvenile Reformatories

Policy Measures of Effective Investigation and Efficient Prediction for Preventing and Responding against Terrorism

Seungjin Lee

Transnational Organized Crime

Senior Programme Officer

Seungjin Lee's picture

Research Interest (Major)

International Relations

Report List

Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Outcome Report on the Korean Institute of Criminology International Forum

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Establishing International Cooperation Network System

Annual Report on UN Activities & International Cooperation 2013

Yearly Report on UN·International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention(XV)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Establishing International Network for Research on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Publication Dissemination of Research Outcomes)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Outcome Report on the Korean Institute of Criminology International Forum)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Establishing Criminal Justice Statistics in Asia

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Publication and Distribution of Research Outcomes

Annual Report on UN·International Cooperation(2014)

Joowon Na

Transnational Organized Crime

Senior Programme Officer

Joowon Na's picture

Research Interest (Major)

International Relations

Report List

Report on The KIC Virtual Forum Against Cybercrime Program

Comparative Study on Criminal Justice Policy in Korean and Japan

Annual Report on UN and International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XII)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Publication and Distribution of Research Outcomes

Annual Report on UN• International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XVI)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Outcome Report on the Korean Institute of Criminology International Forum

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Establishing International Cooperation Network System

Yearly Report on UN·International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention(XV)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Establishing International Network for Research on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Publication Dissemination of Research Outcomes)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for Crime Prevention (XIV) (Outcome Report on the Korean Institute of Criminology International Forum)

Annual Report on UN-International Cooperation and Research for International Crime Prevention (XIII): Establishing Criminal Justice Statistics in Asia

Jeahyen Soung

Jeahyen Soung's picture

Report List

Seyoon Jung

Seyoon Jung's picture

Report List

Minjung Kang

Minjung Kang's picture

Report List

Inshik Sim

Inshik Sim's picture

Report List

Seokbeom Kim

Seokbeom Kim's picture

Report List

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